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Home > Lawn & Garden Resources > Fall > Some Great Fall Plants

Some Great Fall Plants

Aster

A wonderful cut flower, asters make any garden explode with color at the end of the growing season. From miniature alpine plants to giants up to 6 feet tall, there are over 250 asters, with plenty of colors to choose from. Asters are a great way to brighten up the fall landscape in your backyard.
  • Common Names: Aster, Michaelmas daisy.
  • Botanical Name: Aster.
  • Hardiness: Zones 3 to 8.
  • Bloom Time: Late summer through fall.
  • Size: 3 to 6 feet high (dwarf varieties are shorter).
  • Flowers: Purple, white, pink, blue, and red daisy-like flowers.
  • Light Needs: Full sun to partial shade.
  • Growing Advice: Can be planted any time during growing season, preferably early in northern states, so cultivars can get established before winter. Plant at least 2 feet apart with the crown even with the soil surface.
 

Burning bush

One of the most common landscape plants in North America, this shrub is prized for its hardy constitution and brilliant fall foliage. It's one of the first shrubs to change color in autumn, when its dark-green leaves become blazing red. After the leaves drop, burning bush offers another season of interest. The stems have twisted and corky ridges that are especially pretty when covered with snow.
Burning bush has a dense growth habit and is easily pruned for use as a hedge. It thrives almost anywhere, tolerating a wide range of soil types and light conditions.
  • Common Name: Burning bush, winged euonymus, winged spindle tree.
  • Botanical Name: Euonymus alatus.
  • Hardiness: Zones 4 to 8 or 9.
  • Bloom Time: Inconspicuous, late spring.
  • Foliage: Toothed leaves are dark-green in spring and summer, and turn bright red in autumn.
  • Light needs: Full sun to light shade.
  • Growing Advice: Plant in a hole that's as deep as, but wider than, the root ball. For shrub borders, space plants 4 to 6 feet apart. Remove any twine or burlap after plants are in place.
 

Chrysanthemum

Mum's the word for many gardeners in autumn, and with good reason. There are about 20 species of chrysanthemums, which are prized for infusing the landscape with vibrant color long after other flowers fade. Their frost tolerance ensures a long and lovely show well into fall.
These shrubby tender perennials are often called "hardy mums," but are generally grown as annuals. Mums are long-lasting, both in the garden and in bouquets, and bloom generously, sometimes producing over 100 flowers on a single plant.
  • Common Names: Chrysanthemum, mum.
  • Botanical Name: Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema) x morifolium.
  • Hardiness: Zones 5 to 8; often grown as annual.
  • Bloom Time: Late summer through fall.
  • Size: 1 to 3 feet high, 2 to 3 feet wide.
  • Flowers: Yellow, white, pink, orange, lavender, bronze, purple, and red.
  • Light Needs: Full sun.
  • Growing Advice: Hardened-off and container-grown plants can go into the garden any time during the growing season.  To further ensure over wintering success, grow mums in protected areas.
 


Dahlia

It's no wonder dahlias are the darlings of many gardens. With thousands of cultivars to choose from, there's a color, flower shape and plant size for everyone.
These showy flowers quickly gained popularity after Spanish explorers discovered them in Central American gardens. The kings of Spain named them in honor of Swedish botanist Anders Dahl, who created many hybrids.
  • Common Names: Dahlia.
  • Botanical Name: Dahlia.
  • Hardiness: Zones 8 to 11.
  • Bloom Time: Midsummer to first frost.
  • Size: 2 to 8 feet high, 1 to 3 feet wide.
  • Flowers: Every color but blue and green; shape varies from pompon to daisy-like shapes.
  • Light needs: Full sun.
  • Growing Advice: Plant tuberous roots in spring after last frost, placing them 4 inches deep with "eye" pointing up. Stake taller varieties.


Japanese maple

The unique form, delicate and often colorful leaves and smooth gray bark give Japanese maples year-round appeal. These graceful trees work in traditional landscapes as well as theme gardens. There are more than 300 cultivars. With so many options, it's easy to picture one of these serene beauties in your landscape.
  • Common Names: Japanese maple.
  • Botanical Name: Acer palmatum.
  • Hardiness: Zones 5 or 6 to 8, depending on cultivar.
  • Bloom Time: May or June.
  • Size: 15 to 25 feet high, 15 to 25 feet wide.
  • Flower/Foliage: Small red to purple flower clusters; deeply lobed leaves with five to 11 "fingers." Summer colors range from green to red and purples, with autumn hues of various reds and golds.
  • Light Needs: Prefers dappled shade, but will tolerate full sun.
  • Growing Advice: Plant balled-and-burlapped or container-grown trees in late winter or early spring. This gives the trees a chance to establish themselves before the stress of summer's heat or winter's cold.
 
 


Autumn Joy sedum

This late-season favorite is aptly named. Its blooms shine when gardens need color the most, becoming brighter as summer fades into autumn. Broccoli-shaped flower heads emerge light green in midsummer, but slowly deepen from light pink to burgundy.
Like most sedums, this cultivar is succulent. It's hardy in all but the coldest climates, tolerates less-than-perfect soil and stands up well to arid conditions.
  • Common Names: Autumn Joy sedum.
  • Botanical Name: Sedum 'Autumn Joy' or Sedum 'Herbstfreude.'
  • Hardiness: Zones 3 to 8.
  • Bloom Time: Late summer until first frost.
  • Size: 2 feet high.
  • Flowers: Star-shaped blooms form clusters that start out pale green then become burgundy.
  • Light Needs: Full sun to partial shade.
  • Growing Advice: Plant 15 inches apart from spring through early fall. Divide in spring.
 


Ornamental cabbage

Vegetables generally aren't grown for their beauty. Ornamental cabbage is definitely an exception. With vivid colors and showy rosettes of fall foliage, you wouldn't dare planting ornamental cabbage among its more edible counterparts. Instead, use as a colorful border or groundcover.
  • Common Names: Ornamental cabbage.
  • Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. capitata.
  • Hardiness: Annual.
  • Bloom Time: Grown for foliage.
  • Size: 10 to 18 inches high, 12 to 18 inches wide.
  • Foliage: Colorful green, lavender-blue, purple, red, pink, or white foliage intensifies in fall and early winter.
  • Light Needs: Full sun to partial shade. .

Nandina

Nandina's canelike stems resemble bamboo, but its fine-textured foliage is different. Nandina leaves are made up of multiple lance-shaped leaflets, giving the foliage a lacy look. It takes on a red-to-purple cast in winter, and new growth is often red or purple, as well. The plant bears cone-shaped clusters of tiny white blooms in early summer, followed by red berries in fall that persist into winter.
 
·         Common Name: Heavenly Bamboo
·         Botanical Name: Nandia domestica
·         Hardiness: Zone 4 to 10
·         Flower/Foliage: Foliage is red-to-purple cast in winter, and new growth is often red or purple. Bears cone-shaped clusters of tiny white blooms in early summer, followed by red berries in fall that persist into winter.
·         Light Needs: Adapts to sun or part shade
·         Growing Advice: Plant in well-drained soil and water weekly to establish a strong root system, which makes the plant hardy and drought-tolerant. Foliage color is best in sunshine.
 
 

Ornamental Grasses

 
Ornamental grasses are available in a wide array of colors, shapes, textures and sizes. The flowers and subsequent seed heads are equally diverse, ranging from "ho-hum" to truly spectacular. Each grass species has it's own unique form. They may form low compact mounds, tall screens, or densely spreading mats. The foliage colors include various shades of green, blue and red, as well as variegated varieties having red, white or yellow foliage banded with ivory or yellow stripes. In the fall, the spring and summer colors change to hues of red, beige, or brown, providing a great winter garden accent.

Ornamental grasses can be used as fillers or specimens, border plants or background plantings, as ground covers or screens, or they can be grown as container plants. Their adaptability and subtle beauty make them perfect companions to flowering plants and other woody ornamentals.
 
·         Hardiness: Zone 4 to 9
·         Flower/Foliage: Variety of colors are available, with seed heads and foliage color changes through-out the year.
·         Light Needs: Full Sun is best.
·         Growing Advice: Plant in well-drained soil in full sun. They are adaptable in many situations and can be used as container plants as well.