I’ve had so many customers come in recently with tomatoes in their hands or pictures of tomatoes on their phones because they have a problem with the fruit. With so many customers having tomato-growing challenges, I’m reposting this updated blog from last summer.
If you’re growing tomatoes, here is a list of what you may find, the cause, and how to address the problem.
Blossom End Rot
These are black water-soaked lesions at the bottom of the fruit. It is caused by a calcium deficiency—but it may or may not be due to a lack of calcium in the soil. Other factors that can affect a plants uptake of calcium may be:
- Planting too soon. If you plant when soil temperatures are below 65 or so it can affect the plant’s ability to uptake nutrients from the soil.
- Using a high nitrogen fertilizer. Use a fertilizer with more phosphorus than nitrogen. Tomato-tone by Espoma is my favorite fertilizer, but if it isn’t available, then Flower-tone or Garden-tone is good.
- Inconsistencies in soil moisture. Never ever let a tomato go so dry it begins to droop, but, also never water if the soil is still dark and moist to the touch.
- Soil pH that is too alkaline. Get your soil checked. Tomatoes prefer soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0.
Cat facing is a disorder that causes deformities on the bottom of the tomato—scar tissue-filled cracks, abnormal cavities, small swollen bulges. The exact reason why this happens is not known, but it does seem to center around environmental stresses that can cause incomplete pollination. Possible causes:
- Planting too soon, when soil temperatures are too cold
- Excessive heat and humidity.
- Inconsistent watering.
Cracks in the stem end of the tomato. This is usually caused by inconsistent watering. Heirloom tomatoes, particularly beefsteak types, seem to be more prone to both cat-facing and cracking.
Not setting fruit
One annoying thing about tomatoes is they often stop setting fruit when daytime temperatures are over the low nineties. While tomatoes are self-pollinating, in excessive heat and humidity, the pollen can degrade so it “clumps” making it difficult to self-pollinate.
Mulch around the roots with an “airy” mulch-like straw to keep moisture even and keep the roots cooler. Do NOT feed during excessive heat! Plants don’t want to be forced to grow when they are under weather stress. Otherwise, just be patient and wait it out. The tomatoes will resume self-pollinating when the weather is more to their liking.
Fruits with holes eaten in them
This can be caused by one of two things—birds or squirrels. I’ve actually seen cardinals perched on the sides of my tomato cages pecking the heck out of the ripe tomatoes. You can try bird-netting, but I don’t like it. Sometimes small critters can get caught in it. I just pick the tomato when it’s “mostly” ripe and let it finish on the windowsill. Also, provide a water source elsewhere.
If you’re finding green tomatoes with one bite missing, that is likely squirrels looking for the moisture content. The cure is simple—spray green tomatoes with a repellent—like Hot Pepper Wax (an extract of cayenne pepper), and provide an EASILY accessible water source 10 to 15 feet away—a birdbath or saucer filled with water.
It’s a matter of survival though—if you don’t provide a water source, they’ll go after the tomato anyway.
Let Us Help You
If you’re having a weird problem with your tomatoes, come in and let us help. As a matter of fact, if you are having ANY gardening problem, stop by and let us help you solve it. That’s why we’re here!